As the dirt of the ages fell away, he found himself staring at a carving of a woman. 10 - 32. The pinnacle of Aztec architecture was the Templo Mayor, a vast religious building – with a blood-soaked history. He brought with him smallpox, which decimated the indigenous people. It dominated both the Sacred Precinct and the entire city. A Spanish soldier named Andrés de Tapia claimed the rack held tens of thousands of skulls “placed on a very large theater made of lime and stone… many heads of the dead stuck in lime with the teeth facing outward.” Tapia calculated that the wall held 136,000 skulls, but this has long been considered an exaggeration. Hallada una ofrenda azteca de un jaguar junto al Templo Mayor, en México "No sabemos si bajo la ofrenda del jaguar hay una tumba real, la cual seguimos buscando", explica Leonardo López Luján, el director del Proyecto Templo Mayor, a National Geographic España. The women and children might have been captured alongside warriors, then sold as slaves to be sacrificed. El Templo Mayor azteca de Tenochitlán y sus significados Prestentación El Museo Barbier-Mueller de Arte Precolombino de Barcelona y el Instituto Universitario de Cultura de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra organizan por cuarto año consecutivo la jornada Arte y Mito, que en esta ocasión reflexionará sobre la cultura azteca y los últimos hallazgos arqueológicos en México. For example, by the early 16th century, Tenochtitlan is estimated to have been three to five square miles (eight to thirteen square kilometers), and have a population of between 200,000 and 300,000 people. At Templo Mayor, archeologists have determined that although many of the skulls belonged to men likely of warrior age but the tower uncovered in 2017 contained a surprisingly high percentage of skulls from women and children. Inside Templo Mayor, The Mythic Aztec Temple Of Skulls That Terrified The Spanish Conquistadors, Kaleena Fraga is a French-speaking, history-loving writer based in Brooklyn. The on-site Museo del Templo Mayor (included in the site’s admission price) houses a model of Tenochtitlán and artifacts from the site, and gives a good overview of Aztec, aka Mexica, civilization, though with little signage in English, unlike the ruins. Siendo muy religiosos, construyeron varios templos en cada ciudad que formaban. Then, priests would cast the body of the victim down the steps of Templo Mayor. Tomado de Eduardo Matos Moctezuma, “Una visita al Templo Mayor de Tenochtitlan”, Arqueología Mexicana, Especial 56, El Templo Mayor, a un siglo de su descubrimiento, pp. A stone serpent at Templo Mayor in modern-day Mexico City. It is believed that the skull rack served three purposes and could be found in most Aztec cities. FlickrThe Spanish estimated that the wall of skulls they came across in the 16th century featured 130,000 severed heads. According to Aztec sources, as many as 84,000 people, all made captive in wars against their neighbours, were sacrificed on a single occasion to mark the consecration of the Templo Mayor, or Great Pyramid, of Tenochtitlan in 1487. Two years after Cortés landed on the coast of Mexico with an army of soldiers, he completely destroyed Tenochtitlan. This map of Tenochtitlan was printed in 1524, just a few years after Cortés conquered the city. A ditch-digger reached down to wipe the soil from an enormous stone that was 10 feet in diameter and which blocked his progress. He brought guns, which meant his troops could easily overpower the Aztec warriors. To the Aztecs, Cortés may have seemed to possess godly might. En su breve recorrido por el Templo Mayor, recinto sagrado de los mexicas, el señor de Huexotzingo seguramente se estremeció al contemplar, muy cerca del templo del Sol naciente, el Huey Tzompantli. La historia del templo azteca, al igual que otros aspectos religiosos y culturales de la vida azteca, se extendió mucho más allá del imperio azteca. Archeologists investigating the site of Templo Mayor in 2017 discovered a rack of almost 700 human skulls, most of them women and children. El Templo Mayor era el lugar sagrado donde los aztecas adoraban a Huitzilopochtli y sacrificaban seres humanos a fin de aplacarlo. Cortés was ruthless and merciless. Spanish conquerors had described massive pyramids and walls packed with human skulls. La construcción del templo principal de este recinto se realizó en siete etapas y alcanzó una altura aproximada de 45 metros. Mayor). Cuáles fueron los principales templos aztecas. The main pyramid insi… Pero lo que más les admiró fue el recinto ceremonial del Templo Mayor. Saturday, January 19th, 2019. Existieron muchas grandes pirámides antes de que se estableciera el Imperio azteca y estas pirámides fueron declaradas sagradas por los aztecas y utilizadas como templos. Etapa V … In fact, the great temple was located in an area of Tenochtitlan that historians refer to as the ‘Sacred Precinct’. También estaban ahí la llamada Casa de las Águilas, el Templo de Ehécatl, el Tzompantli, el Juego de Pelota y el Calmecac, entre otras edificaciones.

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